Try to follow these tips. Each of these topics has been explained in different websites. So, I am not going to explain them here.
Design your database efficiently (normalization, use of foreign keys, getting rid of unnecessary tables, selecting appropriate data type etc..). Clean up your database before your go LIVE!
2. Estimate Data Volume
Estimate the total data volume you need in your database. Don’t get surprise in future. Know your data and know the space required.
3. Estimate Log file size and Temp DB Size
Set back up plan for your database and then chose a logging mode (Simple, full or bulk logged). Try to find out the log file space required in the first few runs and then set log file size accordingly. If your process uses ‘#’tables (Temp tables), try to find out the space required there as well. Closely monitor TempDB size in first few runs and then set its size accordingly.
After a few months (could be few years depending upon the rate of change in your data), you can run Table compression in your tables. It’s good for reporting systems like DWH but might reduce performance in transactional system. Read pros and cons first.
5. Shrink (use carefully)
If any big sized Ad-hoc operations happen in your database, you can shrink your log files. Otherwise, shrinking of log files will not benefit you much. It will anyway take up the allotted space. Same goes for Database shrink. Read articles found on web. Database shrink will introduce fragmented index. In worst case, you can drop/recreate index rather than rebuild them.